The framework seen before and the data model structure identify the key concepts and typical related entities and attributes which should be considered when an IT strategy should be developed.
The collection and usage of these information can be greatly simplified using, as a facilitator, a well-defined way of proceeding that has been formalize along years of experience in a proven approach composed by a clear set of phases, activities, deliverables, templates and techniques.
This approach is structured in five working phases; the first four (Assess, Envision, Design and Plan) allow to build an initial IT strategic plan baseline and the last one ensure a continuous improvement and agile re-planning due to changing context and results achieved.
Exhibit 8 – MappIT IT Strategy Approach
For each of these phases some main steps and their dependencies, output deliverables and areas of our framework and data model involved can be identified.
Main final deliverables of this approach are the following:
- Current Business and IT Architecture and IT Operating Model: the business context description and related portfolios of applications, infrastructures, services and IT organization and resource to support this current business context
- Business Strategy: it defines the company mission and company’s strategic intentions and, for each, goals, metrics, and weights
- Business Capability model: it defines what the business expects to do with IT to meet its strategic intentions. The strategic IT agenda is used to drive strategic IT capabilities and requirements ; the content is business management’s strategic intentions for the use of IT, strategic objectives for the use of IT
- Strategic IT Capabilities Model: this is a prioritized statement of capabilities and requirements that IT will deliver, over the life of the strategic plan, to satisfy the Business Capability model and the business strategic intentions
- Strategic IT Blueprint both for IT Architecture and Operating Model
- Strategic IT Plan. This plan is the outcome of strategic IT planning; it defines what the IT organization must do to meet the demands of the strategic IT agenda. It is used as the strategic framework for the IT budget and the projects needed to support the business projects. The content is the portfolio of potential strategic initiatives, on a 3 to 5 year horizon, to meet the business requirements defined above, prioritized according to business strategic intentions
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